Toward effective and equitable environmental governance

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The impact of human activities on the environment results in increasing competition for access to natural resources, and in major environmental and social changes. Addressing the consequences of such effects require changes in the way societies interact. How can we deal with such impacts without supranational institutions, or when the power of such institutions is limited? Is it then possible to promote appropriate coordination between agents in order to manage environmental issues? How do individual preferences induce pro-environmental behaviors? Is the effect of inequalities on cooperation positive or negative? What is the role of equity in the way environmental policies are designed?

This research group tackles these challenges by relying on political economics, social choice theory and environmental economics. More specifically, we rely mainly on game theory, contract theory, axiomatic approaches and applied econometrics.

Research works are focused on two main priorities. The first one is related to the specifics of governance systems: we analyze the interplay between interacting agents’ behaviors and  governance systems, accounting for different scales (local, national, international). The second priority focuses on individuals’ preferences and the effect of inequalities, in particular inequalities in the access to natural resources and in the vulnerability to climate changes.

Faculty members

BAZART Cécile

Assistant Professor

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BRAID Robert

Assistant professor

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CHEIKBOSSIAN Guillaume

Professor

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COURTOIS Pierre

Research Professor

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GROLLEAU Gilles

Professor

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IBANEZ Lisette

Research Professor

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MAGDALOU Brice

Professor

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PIETRI Antoine

Assistant professor

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PRIEUR Fabien

Professor

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QUEROU Nicolas

Research Professor

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SAUQUET Alexandre

Tenured Researcher

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SERRA Daniel

Professor Emeritus

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SOUBEYRAN Raphaël

Research Professor

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TIDBALL Mabel

Research Professor

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WILLINGER Marc

Professor

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Ph.D Students & Post-docs

ADJEROUD Feriel

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AYMERIC Gaëlle

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DESBUREAUX Sébastien

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GIRARD Julia

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LAFROGNE Aurélien

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MATHEX Simon

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TATARNIKOVA Olga

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Staff

DUBOIS Dimitri

Research Engineer

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Projection bias in environmental beliefs and behavioural intentions

Clot Sophie, Grolleau GillesIbanez Lisette
à paraitre
Energy Policy
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The effects of induced emotions on environmental preferences and behavior: an experimental study

Ibanez LisetteRoussel Sébastien
à paraître
PLoS ONE
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The Role of Health at Birth and Parental Investment in Early Child Development. Evidence from the French ELFE Cohort

Lavaine emmanuelleDavin Marion
à paraître
European Journal of Health Economics
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Decision-making: From neuroscience to neuroeconomics - An overview

Serra Daniel
à paraître
Theory and Decision
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The evolutionary stability of in-group altruism in productive and destructive group contests

Cheikbossian Guillaume
à paraître
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization
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Robbing a robber is not robbing

Dib-Slamani Hind, Grolleau Gilles, Mzoughi Naoufel
à paraître
The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance
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Does the approval mechanism induce the effcient extraction in Common Pool Resource games?

Yao Koffi Serge WilliamLavaine EmmanuelleWillinger Marc
à paraître
Social Choice and Welfare
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The effect of physical disability on group cooperation: Experimental evidence

Tognetti Arnaud, Doat David, Dubois Dimitri, Romaniuc Rustam
à paraître
Bulletin of Economic Research
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Understanding Dfferences in Peer Reporting Practices: Evidence from Tax Evasion Games in Moldova and France

Romaniuc Rustam, Dubois Dimitri, Dimant Eugen, Lupusor Adrian, Prohnitchi Valeriu
à paraître
Public Choice
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Pollution, children’s health and the evolution of human capital inequality

Constant Karine, Davin Marion
à paraître
Mathematical Social Sciences
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Is body weight better distributed among men than among women? A robust normative analysis for France, the UK and the US

Bennia Fatiha, Gravel Nicolas, Magdalou Brice, Moyes Patrick
à paraître
Scandinavian Journal of Economics
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Does a company’s origin matter in moral judgment?

Dib-Slamani Hind, Grolleau Gilles, Mzoughi Naoufel
à paraître
BRQ Business Research Quarterly
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Does misery love company? An experimental investigation

Farrow Katherine, Grolleau GillesIbanez Lisette
à paraître
Oxford Economic Papers
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Tous les chemins menaient au Vietnam : La tragédie de Johnson revisitée

Baranets Elie, Pietri Antoine
à paraître
Études internationales
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Scandals : a ‘reset button’ to drive change?

Grolleau Gilles, Marciano Alain, Mzoughi Naoufel
à paraître
Organizational Dynamics
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Are individuals more generous in loss contexts?

Cochard Francois, Flage Alexandre, Grolleau Gilles, Sutan Angela
à paraître
Social Choice and Welfare
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Évaluation des impacts d’une infrastructure de données satellitaires : application à la gestion des coupes rases en France

Niang Amadou, Rey-Valette Hélène, Maurel Pierre, Ose Kenji, Jabbour Chadi, Salles Jean-Michel
2021
Revue d'Economie Régionale & Urbaine
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Is theft considered less severe when the victim is a foreign company?

Dib‐Slamani Hind, Grolleau Gilles, Mzoughi Naoufel
2021
Strategic Change
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The French Affective Images of Climate Change (FAICC): A Dataset With Relevance and Affective Ratings

Ottavi Sarah, Roussel Sébastien, Syssau Arielle
2021
Frontiers in Psychology
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Relational quality and uncertainty in common pool water management: an exploratory lab experiment

Brugnach Marcela, de Waard Sander, Dubois DimitriFarolfi Stefano
2021
Scientific Reports
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A model of social welfare improving transfers

Magdalou Brice
2021
Journal of Economic Theory
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Controversies around neuroeconomics: Empirical, methodological and philosophical issues

Serra Daniel
2021
Revue de Philosophie Economique / Review of Economic Philosophy
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Goal-oriented agents in a market

Macho-Stadler Inés, Pérez-Castrillo David, Quérou Nicolas
2021
Journal of Economic Psychology
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Jacques Lacan and game theory: an early contribution to common knowledge reasoning

Courtois Pierre, Tazdaït Tarik
2021
European Journal of the History of Economic Thought
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Evolutionarily stable in-group altruism in intergroup conflict over (local) public goods

Cheikbossian Guillaume
2021
Games and Economic Behavior
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GREENGO – New Tools for the Governance of the Energy Transition : the role of NGOs

Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are now central actors of policy-making processes as well as initiators of public debates about the needs of environmental policies.
They play a critical role in public politics by providing people with information about the environmental state of the world, bringing social and environmental issues to public awareness, and mobilizing support for political action on these issues.

The aim of the project is to provide analysis and new insight into the economic behavior and strategies of NGOs with respect to the environment.

Guet Ndar – Local adaptation at risk on the Barbary Tongue (Senegal)
  • Funding : Key-Initiative MUSE Sea & Coast
  • Duration : 2018 –
  • Contact : WILLINGER Marc

AAP Kim Waters, “Sea & Coast”Local adaptation at risk on the Barbary Tongue (Senegal)

For centuries, the habitat of the villagers of Guet Ndar (Senegal) is exposed to floods of the Senegal River and marine submersions. The high exposure to natural hazards (submersion, flooding) of the population suggests that its inhabitants have adapted to this unique environment, through the selection of the most suitable gene varieties. The project aims at investigating the hypothesis of local adaptation to risk for the inhabitants of Guet Ndar. Local adaptation is possible when three conditions are met: (1) the average migration distance is smaller than the size of the risky area, (2) the behavioral trait adapted to the risky environment (risk tolerance) is transmissible, and (3) living in the risky area provides material benefits that compensate for the exposure to risk. It is highly probable that these conditions are met in the village of Guet Ndar: (1) the migration rate is low, especially among the population of fishermen who pass on their inheritance (canoes, houses, …) to their descendants, (2) the targeted gene, DRD4, is endowed with exceptional variability and is transmissible and (3) the risky area gives access to fisheries resources that have historically been abundant. The risky area (Barbary tongue) is a narrow strip of land of 250 meters in its widest width that extends for about 900 meters in the populated area. Almost all the inhabitants are born there, just like their ancestors. The fishermen of Guet Ndar are renowned for their know-how, not only in Senegal but in several neighboring coastal countries, where they are often recruited to transmit their fishing techniques developed over generations. Fishermen represent the target population of our study because they are most likely to have adapted to local conditions, an adaptation that is expressed by their greater propensity to take risks compared to non-fishermen.

Coordination: Omar Sene & Marc Willinger

Research team: Gwen-Jiro Clochard (CREST, Ecole Polytechnique), Charlotte Faurie (ISEM, CNRS), Guillaume Hollard (CREST, CNRS), Clément Mettling (ISEM, CNRS), Michel Raymond (ISEM, CNRS), Omar Sene (Université Alioune Diop, Bambey , Sénégal), Marc Willinger (CEE-M, UM).

ORDINEQ – The Measurement of Ordinal and Multidimensional Inequalities

Building on the fiction of the paternalistic ethical observer, we propose to construct measures of socio-economic performance and well-being that (i) acknowledge the multidimensional nature of well-being, (ii) pay due attention to the distribution and interaction between the attributes, and (iii) take full account of the measurability nature of the attributes.
These measures will make one able to provide answers to questions of interest for the policy-maker and the general public like the following:

  • Q1. Can we correctly claim that our health system guarantees equal access to medical care whatever the circumstances of the individuals? Is a move in direction to the British health care system likely to reduce the inequalities of health statuses among the population?
  • Q2. Does the poor performance on average of French students at the PISA tests go along with high inequalities in the distributions of the scores suggesting that the French educational system might be doubly inefficient?
    To which extent inequalities – provided that there is evidence of such inequalities – in reading, mathematics and problem solving are related to the socio-economic characteristics of the parents and more generally to their origins?
  • Q3. Is ex-post redistribution by means of progressive tax-benefit systems more effective in reducing the long run income inequalities than an ex-ante redistributive policy that would tax more heavily the intergenerational transmission of wealth?
RediPref – The Preferences for Redistribution: Foundations, Representation and Implications for Social Decisions

How do individuals perceive inequalities? Do we have to consider all inequalities as unfair?

In parallel to the worsening of the income and wealth inequalities, the last decades have also been characterised by increased social risks. These essentially originate in the profound changes in the labour market structure that go along with a deterioration of the unemployment rates. Hence, even if individuals are concerned with fairness considerations, it is not clear to what extent preferences for redistribution can be associated with such motives. Redistribution can be perceived as social insurance, and thus risk aversion of the individuals may came into play.

The project aims at shedding new light on the preferences for redistribution, by providing a better description of people’s perceptions of inequality and social risks.

The benefits for society of the project would be to provide the social planner with implementable social decision rules which reflect the individual preferences for redistribution, that can be used in public policy making.

 

Group Leader

IBANEZ Lisette

Faculty

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