We are interested in situations in which governments are committed to some pollution abatement constraint which does not match the society’s most preferred level of pollution, like in the current climate change policies undergone on behalf of the Kyoto protocol. We develop an overlapping generations model with capital and pollution in which the individuals care about the environmental quality. We show that slightly improving the intertemporal flexibility of the emission quotas by authorizing two-period backward and forward transfers allows to decentralize the whole optimal growth path at competitive equilibrium.
Intertemporal transfers of emission quotas in climate policies
9 October 2018