Environmental Economics Seminar
Health status at birth and early childhood human capital. Evidence from the French ELFE cohort
Marion Davin & Emmanuelle Lavaine
Assistant Professor at CEE-M
A blossoming economic literature focuses on the effect of poor neonatal health on childhood development. This paper examines the effect of health at birth on very early child development.
With a simple theoretical model that integrates parental investment decision, we identify the mechanisms through which a better health condition improves child development and we emphasize how parental background can shape the effects of health.
Then, we perform an empirical analysis for France over the period 2010 to 2011, using unique data from a recent child cohort called ELFE. Using an identification strategy based on an instrumental specification, the results indicate that health at birth have a causal effect on early child development. We find no empirical evidence for the existence of a severity effect according to which the adverse effects of a bad health condition is higher for children in low income family.
Authors : Marion Davin & Emmanuelle Lavaine
Montpellier SupAgro / INRA - Bat. 26 - Centre de documentation Pierre Bartoli
2 Place Viala 34000 Montpellier
Dates & time