Environmental Economics Seminar
Reading Twitter in the Newsroom: How Social Media Affects Traditional-Media Reporting of Conflicts
Assistant Professor at ENS de Lyon
Traditional media is not immune to the influence of social media. Content trending in social media in Israel and Palestine have a significant causal impact on journalists’ reporting of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict in the US. We rely on exogenous variation in the number of tweets about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict driven by local Twitter blackouts, caused by lightning strikes and technical failures. These blackouts, while having a strong and significant negative impact on Twitter activity in Israel and Palestine, do not have any effect on all major news wires reporting on the conflict. Using this variation, we show that comparable conflict events get significantly higher TV coverage in the US if they happen to trend on Twitter in Israel and Palestine. Using text analysis of transcripts of US TV programs, we document that the content and the tonality of coverage of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is affected by social media. On average, Twitter makes traditional-media reporting of the conflict more emotional. Particularly, these are the events leading to Palestinian casualties that get significantly more emotional coverage by US TV when conflict-zone Twitter is not muted by blackouts. The US TV coverage of the events leading to Israeli casualties is emotional irrespective of the trends on Twitter. When Twitter is not muted in Israel and Palestine, the US TV reporters who cover the conflict focus more on stories about civilians’ suffering and the details of the attacks, and focus less on the role of US foreign policy. The results suggest that Twitter moves traditional-media reporting of conflict toward portraying the point of view of ordinary people, eventually helping the side that suffers a higher civilian death toll.
Co-authors : Etienne Madinier, and Ekaterina Zhuravskaya
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